GURB AND VIC EVOLUTION

GURB AND VIC EVOLUTION


In this section we have six pictures to see the evolution of different zones of Gurb and Vic.

 

1. In this picture  we have 3 photos of Gurb. We can see that the first one are all fields, the second one we start seeing some houses and the present we see that there is almost no fields and there is  a sports centre. The evolution is from fields to fields and roads and finally  lots of houses with few fields.

 

 

 

 

2. Here we have  3 photos from the industrial zone. The last photo we can clearly see that it has been transformed into an industrial zone, but the other two don’t have any signal that it would become  a polygon.

 

 

 

3. In the photos we can see the evolution of Vic. This has always been a city, but we can see that it has grown.

 

4.Here we can see the industrial zone, like the other photos, in the past everything were fields, but now everything is urbanized.

 

 

 

5. Here we can see the road c-17, a very important road. A few years ago, this road wasn’t here and we can imagine it was difficult to  get to Barcelona from Vic.

 

 

 

6. These are the images were you can see Gurb before and now. Years ago, Gurb didn’t have any urbanization but through the years it has grown.

 

http://betaportal.icgc.cat/canurb/cathistoric.html

 

PHOTOS

Here there are some places that were built many years ago. There is an old and a new photo of each building to compare how they have changed during all those years.

 

LA PLAÇA DE L’ESTACIÓ, VIC


In the photo on our left we can see how the train station (Vic) was in 1446: the train station was surrounded by houses and in front there was a square.
In the photo on the right in February 2019: the station is in operation but over the years has grown considerably since today a lot of people use the train. Trade has also grown around them and the square has become a road with a roundabout. They have even built the university very close.

              

 

LA FARINERA


La Farinera is one of the landscape that mostly has changed over the time. In the left photo, we can see that there’s a big garden in the surrounding and some buildings too. In the right image, we can see how the time has passed. The gardens have disappeared and there’s a lot of buildings around now.

    

 

PONT DE L’EIX TRANSVERSAL


In this image we can see the construction of the “eix” bridge. It began to built in 1985 and it was inaugurated in 1997. In the image, we can observe the surroundings, full of vegetation, and the first parts of the bridge, that makes a visual impact on the greens and browns of nature.

 

 

 

 

BIOGRAPHY

To create this web and the differents tasks we search in this webs.


 

 

 

 

 

  • http://www.icc.cat/vissir3/ (Vic: Id.Full: 291-100. Versió: 7, Edició: 15, Data de Vol: 2017-05/2017-05, Data Edició: 2018-05   Gurb: Id. Full: 291-99, Versió: 7, Edició: 15, Data de Vol: 2017-05/2017-05, Data Edició: 2018-05)

 

CONCLUSION

Throughout this project we have arrived to several conclusions. Our expectations have been accomplished and we’re glad with the result.

The first conclusions  we have drawn  is that this project (Projecte-EvolucióPaisatgeIndustrial) has been a good way to learn about the industrial evolution through different sections. In the news section we’ve seen several newspapers that held interesting information about how  industries affect the landscapes in the past and present.  The maps have helped us to see how the landscape has changed from an aerial point of view.  The timeline has been useful for us to ubicate the most important facts.  However, the photos are probably what helped us the most, because they show the evolution of the industrial landscapes very clearly.  The next section, the interviews, helped us to appreciate more the collected information. The people we interviewed shared their experiences and that made us feel closer to our theme than before.

Finally, to say that all the work we’ve done has not only served us to learn new concepts but also to understand the evolution of  industrial landscape. For that reason we’re very proud of the work we’ve done.

This work that has taken us so many hours and efforts we would like to dedicate it to the people that have made it possible:

  • Our history teacher, Margarita Moyano.
  • Sandra Lacruz who has helped us to use and organize the website and told us what to write in every section.
  • Núria Caballé and Núria Samsó that helped us to translate and correct our texts.

 

 

 

 

 

INTERVIEW

It is definitive that we have made in interventions to different people who have worked or currently work at an industrial factory in Gurb, Vic or Roda de Ter.

The first person we did was:

  • INTERVIEW 1 (Woman, 47, worked for about 30 years ago):

How long did you work in an industrial factory?

I didn’t work full years because I was a temporary worker. I worked with very short contracts. I maybe worked there for about two years, I finished a contract and then, after a month or something like that, they called me back. I worked in different factories.

At what age did you start and finish?

I started working in a factory when I was 18. It was in La Piara, in Manlleu, and I was there for a month. A long time later I spent about 6 months at Casa Tarradellas. Then I moved to Sabadell, and there I worked in more factories. I finished working in factories when I was  20 or 21.

Why did you leave the factories?

Because I finished my studies.

Which type of factories did you work in?

Most of them were from the food sector.

Are they still open?

Yes, they are.

Were there more women or men working?

There were more women, but it was curious because women didn’t do the same work as men.

So the highest posts were given to the men, weren’t they?

Yes, I remember that in Casa Tarradellas all women worked in the assembly lines, but the people in charge were men.

Which was your position?

I was an operator.

Which was your timetable?

It depended on the contract. I normally worked at night or in the afternoon, when I had no classes at the university.

Do you think you were well paid for all the hours you did?

The pity is that I worked when the «boom» of temporary companies was at its best, and it seemed that you had a good salary (€ 1000 or more), but when you saw the payroll you realized that you quoted little for social security, which in the long run is bad for you because it makes your pension lower.

Was there any robot?

There were machines, but not robots like now, with arms and things like this. There were many things we had to do by ourselves.

 

The second interview was about the past

  • INTERVIEW 2 (Women, 55 years, works more or less 1 year)

How long did you work in an industrial factory?

I worked there for a little bit more than 1 year.

At what age did you start and finish?

I started when I was 19/20 years old and I left after 21.

Why did you leave the factory?

I had to go to do military service.

Which type of factory did you work in?

It was a textile factory.

Is it still open?

No, it has closed.

Why did it close?

A lot of industries left the town and went to another one.

Were there more women or men working? Who had the most important posts?

There were 7 men and a woman, and the men had the most important posts.

Which was your position?

I tinted ribbons.

Which was your timetable?

I worked for 7 hours, from 8 am to 3 pm.

Do you think you were well paid for all the hours you did?

Not really.

Was there any robot?

No, there were machines that worked with electricity, but there wasn’t any robot.

1950 – actualitat

1950 – ACTUALItY


During the 1950s, many events related to the industrial revolution had happened.
The first important date that happened in Europe was in 1965, where they signed the treaty of merging of the European communities. A fact that happened in Catalonia that improved the quality of life of many families was the formation of the association of Sant Tomàs. Two years later, remains of the castle are discovered at the top of the Gurb Cross Mountain. In the same year, a new sculpture by Joan Miró was inaugurated: «Model for Woman, bird and a star». Equatorial Guinea of Spain was also independent while in London the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (non-nuclear weapons) was signed in London by triplicate,
In 1969 they awarded Jordi Rubió I Balaguer the first Prize of Honor for Catalan Letters. In Spain, however, ETA began to do terrorist activities. Europe made the goal of creating the euro official, but it was not finally done. In Vic, Girbau opened in 1971 and in Catalonia, the Assemblea de Catalunya opposes Franco’s dictatorship. In 1974 Vic was built the first industrial estate. This caused many factories were allowed in the same place. In Europe, there was a revolution of red carnations in Portugal. The following year was a very important year. The official language was declared Catalan, General Francisco Franco died and the European Space Agency began to function.For a few years, there were not many facts that stood out much. The most important were: in 1981 there was a coup d’etat in Spain, in 1983 Gurb opened Casa Tarradellas and in 1986 Spain entered the European Community.In 1991, by Vic, it was a very tough year since there was an attack on the barracks of the civil guard where 10 people and 44 wounded died, while the Soviet Union (Soviet Union Socialist Republics) disappeared in Europe, The following year in Barcelona there were the Olympic Games where twenty thousand permanent jobs were created and forty thousand temporary jobs and the economic impact was thirteen billion euros, directly and indirectly, twenty million of euros. In the vicinity, during the Olympic games, he hosted roller hockey competitions. In Spain also a great advance with the transport, since the first high-speed train was inaugurated.

MAPS PICTURES

ROADS 

PAST: This is a map from 1914. We can see that there are less roads, because, in the past, there were less cars and the people used more the train.

PRESENT: This is the Gurps’ map from the present. We can see that, regarding the past, almost nothing has changed, except the road C-25.

FUTURE: This map is a prediction of how it could be the map from Gurb in the future. In it  we can see  roads like the C-17 and others too.

 

 

1880-1950

 

1880 – 1950


During the years 1890 and 1950, they passed a series of events that were involved with the industrial revolution. In 1892, the Sucre Factory was built in Vic, one of the two in Catalonia. The purpose of this factory was the production of sugar, but due to the failure of the business, it became a soup shop factory. Between 1891 and 1892 there was an economic crisis in Spain, which caused some manufacturers to take advantage of this crisis to renew machining in the industry and, therefore, many workers were unemployed. In 1895, the war began in Cuba against Spanish rule. Due to this Carlist war, many Kurds had to go to fight the War of Cuba. In that same year, he was born in Murcia, Juan de la Cierva, a man who later invented the autogiro and was the announcer of the helicopter. A year later, the Farinera de Vic was built, which, at that time, was used to make sausages. In addition, that same year, in 1896, there were the Olympic Games in Athens, and it should be noted that they were the first modern Olympics. In 1898, Spain declared the War in the United States and, because of this, caused the country to lose the colonies of Cuba, the Philippines and Puerto Rico. In 1910 the new train station was built in Vic, the same year in which the government of Spain authorized women to study at the University, which until then was not possible. In 1912, the year in which the president of the Spanish government José Canalejas was killed at Puerta del Sol, the road to Sant Bartomeu, which passes through Gurb, is the main road. A few years later, specifically in 1929, Gurb appeared the first midwife for pregnant women. In 1931, with the Second Republic, Catalonia was able to recover the institutions and, in addition, Catalan was approved as the official language, a very important event for native Catalans. In the same year, apart from the approval of Catalan, Spain yielded the right to vote of women, one of the other important points for the evolution of the country. In 1936 the Spanish civil war began, which lasted until 1939. During this time, the Sucre Factory of Vic was used to manufacture aircraft engines. Apart from the beginning of this stage, the working classes gain power over factories. When the Spanish civil war ended, World War II began internationally, which lasted until 1945. Between this period of war, in 1942, he died in the nursing of a prison Alicante Spanish poet Miguel HernándezFinally, in 1950, and after the end of World War II, there were the first migratory movements to Vic, thanks to its economic activity.